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摄影中常见的6个错误

时间:2011-02-13 10:11:04  来源:  作者:

你原本可以不同凡响的照片变得平凡的6个错误。
1. Not having a strong point of interest
1、没有强烈的吸引点
The very first thing to consider is the subject - what is it and why are you taking a photo of it? Successful images have a point of interest: the key element around which the composition is based. It is probably the thing that caught your eye in the first place and should be able to draw and hold the viewer's attention.
最先被考虑到的是主题——这是什么,你为什么要把它拍下来?成功的图片都有一个主题:组成物基于何种关键因素组合在一起。它可能是首先抓住你视线的东西,应该也要能锁住观赏者的注意力。
2. Not getting close enough to the subject
2、与主题不够接近。
Good compositions leave no doubt as to the subject of the photograph. How do you make sure this is clear? A good way to start is to fill the frame with your subject. This helps to eliminate unnecessary or unwanted elements and overcomes the common mistake of making the subject too small and insignificant, which leaves the viewer wondering what the photo is supposed to be of. Often just taking a few steps towards your subject or zooming in slightly will make an enormous difference.
恰当的组成物毫无疑问需要对照片的主题有用。你怎么能确定这足够明确呢?一个好的方法是用主题来构图。这能帮助摒弃那些不必要的因素,克服使主题太小或者不起眼的错误,它会使观者搞不清这幅照片想要表达什么。上前几步或者调整镜头远近常常会产生巨大的不同。
3. Focusing on the wrong part of the composition
3、聚焦在错误的组成物上。
The sharpest part of the image should be the point of interest, so take care when focusing. If something other than the main subject is the sharpest part of the composition the viewer's eye will rest in the wrong place.
图片最突出的地方应该在于吸引点,所以需要注意聚焦。如果有别的主题比正题更突出,观者会把注意力停留在错误的地方。
Most compact cameras and all SLRs have a focus-lock capability, activated by pushing the shutter release button down halfway. It allows you to produce more creative and technically correct pictures by locking the focus on the main subject then recomposing without the camera automatically refocusing.
大部分的紧凑型相机和所有的单反相机都有一个焦点锁定功能,通过把快门按下一半儿来实现。通过把焦点锁定在主题上,能使你拍出更生动更有技术含量的照片,并且重新编辑的时候不需要自动重聚焦。

4. Placing the subject in the middle of the frame
4、把主题放在框架的中央
Centring the subject often contributes to a static composition so you should aim to place the point of interest away from the centre of the frame. As you are thinking about where to place the point of interest, keep in mind the "rule of thirds" that has traditionally been the starting point for successful composition. As you look through your viewfinder or study the LCD screen, imagine two vertical and two horizontal lines spaced evenly, creating a grid of nine rectangular boxes.
把主题放在中央往往有助于静态构图,所以你应该把主要的吸引点从中心处移开。当你考虑要把吸引点往哪放时,牢记“法则3”将通常带领你走进一个成功构图的开始。当你通过取景器或者液晶屏幕观察的时候,想象两条垂直和水平线平行间隔,形成一个四边形的栅格。
Try placing the point of interest, or other important elements, on or near the points where the lines intersect. For example, if you are taking a portrait, the subject is the person's face and the point of interest would be their eyes. In a landscape the point of interest may be a boat floating on a lake; place the boat on one of the intersections and also position the horizon near one of the horizontal lines.
试着把吸引点或者别的重要元素,放在线的相交点上或者附近。举个例子,如果你要拍一副肖像,主题是人的脸,眼睛就是它的吸引点。而一副风景画,吸引点可能是飘在水上的一艘小船;把小船放在一个相交点上,同时把地平线放在靠近一条水平线的位置。
5. Including elements that conflict with the subject
5、包含了跟主题冲突的要素。
Avoid including other elements that conflict with the main subject. Look at the space around and behind your subject and make sure nothing overpowers it in colour, shape or size. What you leave out of the frame is just as important as what you leave in.
避免把与主题相悖的元素包含进来。看看你的主题物周围、后面,保证没有什么物体在颜色、形状、尺寸上能够强的过主题物。你留在框架之外的跟你留在框架之内的同样重要。
Do you really want power lines running across the facade of the most beautiful building in the city? It is fine if you do, but not if you do not notice them in the first place! Scan the frame before pressing the shutter release, looking for distractions and unnecessary elements.
你真的希望输电线横穿城市里漂亮建筑的表面么?如果你这样希望那就好了,但往往是因为你并没有在第一时间发现它们。按下快门之前,仔细的找找那些让人分心和不必要的元素。
6. Not thinking about the direction of the light
6、不考虑光的方向。
The direction of the light and how it is illuminating your subject, whether it is the natural light of the sun, incandescent lighting indoors or little lighting at night, can make or break a photograph. That is why it is vital to observe the light. If you are aware that it is striking your subject in the wrong place - for example, if the facade of a beautiful monument is in shade, or if someone's hat is casting a shadow over half their face - then you can take action.

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